Before the inscription, there are two seals: (1) in four characters- 'I Ming Chih I' (seal of the artist) (2) in four characters- 'Wan Ku Ch'ang Ch'un' (seal of the artist) After the inscription, there is one seal in two characters- 'Mu Chih' (seal of the artist). on the lower left of the painting there is one seal in four characters- 'Mu Chi Lu Ch'ing' (seal of the artist) on the lower right of the painting there are two seals. (1) in four characters- 'Examined and approved by Hsu-chai' (seal of Pang Yuan-chi, a well-known collector) (2) in six character- 'Approved and collected by Lai-ch'en, a genuine work' (seal of Pang Yuan-chi) Colophon, as follows: 'I have recently received gifts of pearls and jade from my distinguished relative Shih-chai, Chief Advisor to the Prime Minister, and I deeply appreciate his great kindness. I have taken this occasion to combine a poem with a flower (painting) in ink as an expression of our sincere friendship. There never was found such a flower in the Northland. the wave of a brush, a slanting branch, expresses an image of thought. Pure, clean, exalted and natural, it surpasses all common plants; one fitting to present to the family of a retired Statesman of the Imperial Court. the first day of Winter (Nov.7) in the fifth year of Ching Tai, being the cyclical year Chi Hsu (1454). Greetings from your humble relative, Wang Ch'ien.