Asymmetrical Balance: Figure of cardinal on right puts more ''visual weight'' on right side of composition.
High Contrast: Intensity and size of color of cardinal''s clothing in relation to background creates visual interest in composition
Proportion: Size of cardinal in foreground compared to diminutive figure outside creates a sense of depth.
Pattern: Pattern of line, highlights and shadow in garment creates a sense of the material and the form of the figure beneath it
Rhythm: The rendering of the leaf and branch shapes in the trees help to create a sense of a breeze that appears to be blowing through them.
Emphasis: The main focus in this composition is placed on the figure of the cardinal. The lighting is used to call attention to his face and the hand holding the book. In addition, the red of his garment also helps the figure to dominate the rest of the painting.
Unity: The entire composition, while centered around the cardinal, helps to define the space, giving it a more complete look. The open book resting on the counter, the writing instrument held in the far hand on the desk, the other objects in the room as well as the scene outside of the window, are all combining to relate a single narrative.
Variety: The largeness and almost geometric arrangement of images inside the room is quite different from the treatment given to the more organic and less defined rendering of the images outside that disappear into a vague and uncertain background.
Note the Pattern that is created by the folds in the material.
Asymmetrical Balance: The lower half of composition has greater importance due to placement of figure.
Contrast: Small size of figure in relation to large, open and simplified space that surrounds her adds importance to the figure well beyond the space that she takes up in the composition.
Proportion: There is little use of detail to create a defined space within the compositon. The minimal use of the overlapping of the figure of the girl jumping rope against the grassy expanse behind her and the sky above, is all that denotes size and spacial relationships in the picture. The shadow that extends out from behind the figure helps to give the figure some weight in the painting.
Pattern: Shapes evident in the overlapping layers of clouds moving up into the composition evidence some repetition of line and shape and help to create a sense of aerial depth: the shapes gradually get darker as the clouds give way to the deeper blue of the sky.
Rhythm: Repetitive angle of arms, legs and the jump rope against the upright position of the torso are suggestive of the girl''s movement as she appears to be steadily jumping rope.
Emphasis: The figure of the girl, overlapping sky, grass and path certainly is the main focus of attention. Her red dress also stands out from the less intense colors that make up the background.
Unity: The combination of land and sky perfectly frame the central character in this painting, and though the amount of detail in the painting is rather minimal, there is a sense of peaceful completeness in the composition.
Variety: The movement of the girl against the openness and quietness of the space that surrounds her certainly creates a major point of difference in the treatment of the subject matter.
Rhythm in composition created by angle of arms and legs and the jump rope itself, in relation to the vertical line of the torso.
Symmetrical Balance: Equal treatment of space on both left and right sides of the composition.
Contrast: High Contrast is created between lightness of tones used in the planter and the objects that fill the rest of the space.
Proportion: Areas appear to be fairly flat - little concern given for depth or realistic portrayal of the various items that make up the subject matter.
Pattern: A number of patterns are evidenced in the treatment of the subject matter including the leaf shapes on what appears to be a rubber plant, the lines on the ties holding back the curtains and the decorative designs on the curtains themselves.
Rhythm: The treatment of the angular brushtrokes and the tonal differences in the blue window and red curtain areas of the painting, add a sense of movement in the composition that provides a sense of energy to the work.
Emphasis: The planter and the lemon appear to draw the most attention in the composition due both to their placement within the ''frame'' created by the curtain shapes, and the black ground that they ''sit'' on.
Unity: By framing the other obects within the composition and creating an interesting and organic shape between them, the curtains help to bring a sense of completeness to the painting. Also, the repeated use of the same colors within the composition help to unify the space as is evidenced in the colors used on the planter that reflect the coloration of the window and curtains.
Variety: The lemon by virtue of its isolation against the blackness of the ground, appears to create an unexpected addition in the painting that helps to create variety and interest in the composition. There is also additional variety injected into the images with the two heads of the people that seem to be peering out at each other from either side of the curtains.
Proportion: Flattened shapes, exaggerated angles in the rendering of objects, little consideration given to the relationship of sizes of things, all work to create little depth in the space resulting in a lack of realistic proportion in the composition. The treatment of the space itself appears to purposefully be trying to eliminate the illusion of depth in favor of the angularity and color of the shapes that make it up.