| abstract--Art that looks
as if it contains little or no recognizable or realistic forms from
the physical world. Focus on formal elements such as colors, lines,
or shapes. Artists often "abstract" objects by changing, simplifying,
or exaggerating what they see.
--Art that rejects representation; has few recognizable images;
emphasis on line, color, shape, texture, value; expression of internal
feelings or emotions of the artist.
series of accordian-like folds, often found in clothing.
standards of beauty and art.
who study the question "what is art?" and "what is beauty?"
philosophical study that explores questions about "what is art?"
or "what is beauty?"
sewing technique in which a cutout decoration is attached to a larger
piece of material.
three-dimensional collage created from a group of everyday objects,
many times pre-made and put together in a specific way.
fabric dyeing technique in which the pattern is first drawn with
beeswax onto the cloth with a metal tool, and then the cloth is
immersed in dye. The areas covered by the wax are not affected by
the dye, creating a pattern that can be seen when the wax is removed
by boiling the cloth. Wax and dye applications may be repeated for
artists who struggled against conformity, mechanization, and materialism
of mainstream culture during the 1950s and 1960s.
shapes extending outward over space.
civic--Relating to citizenship
or the public affairs of a community.
work together in an artistic undertaking.
--Art using found objects or ready-mades in random juxtaposition
in order to unleash the unconscious mind by free association.
which appear opposite one another on a color wheel. When placed
next to one another, complementary colors are intensified and often
appear to vibrate.
that focuses on the idea expressed and the process of creating the
cosmos--The universe regarded
as an orderly, harmonious whole.
--Needlework stitch that forms an "x."
culture--For the purposes
of this unit, culture is the values, customs, language hustory,
and traditions of a group of people. This term includes, but is
not exclusive to, ethnic origin.
movement which emerged in Europe in 1916 as a reaction against the
inhumanity of World War I; interpreted irrational and nihilistic,
or hopeless, social forces by creating ridiculing images; and used
decode--To translate an
unknown idea, word, or image into an understandable idea or image.
philosophical perspective in which it is believed that humans are
totally responsible for their actions; from this perspective, art
is a conscious act.
elements and principles of design (line, shape, color, texture,
balance, unity, etc.)
that is visceral and earthy; portrays the subject in a deliberately
distasteful way; sometimes pushes the limits of "good taste"
(from Beat artists) of the 1950s and 1960s.
with regular contours, and straight edges such as squares, triangles,
performance art that might include music, theater, dance, visual
art, or audience participation.
Haring, Keith -- Came
to New York to attend art school, but believed the most interesting
art was happening "on the street" rather than in the classroom
or art galleries. He did thousands of illicit anonymous graffiti
drawings on public spaces. He achieved international recognition
as a gallery artist working in the graffiti style. Keith Haring
died of AIDS in 1990 at the age of thirty-two.
hearth--The fireplace, or
other main source of heat in a room. Rooms are often designed around
the system of laws and justice in a community.
of art in which the least possible amount of form shapes, colors,
or lines are used to reduce the concept or idea to its simplest
form (geometric shapes, progressions).
mortar--A building material
similar to cement which is used in masonry or plastering.
motif--A dominant theme,
idea, or pattern in a work of art. Motifs are often repeated.
way in which a person views the world; his or her reality.
period room--A room
set up to resemble a particular time and place in history. Period
rooms frequently contain furnishings and actual flooring or wall
paneling from historic houses. Period rooms can reveal much about
the values and lifestyles of the people who inhabited them.
pilaster--A flat column,
which is attached to the wall.
Pop Art--An art movement
associated with the 1960s in the United States in which artists
incorporated imagery and/or media from popular culture such as advertisements,
mass produced objects, movies, and comics.
random--Having no specific
pattern, arrangement or predictable outcome.
given by artist Marcel Duchamp to a series of works he created in
the early 20th century in which common objects--such as bicycle
wheels, urinals, snow shovels, and bottle racks--were altered slightly
and signed with a fictitious name and presented as works of art.
ritual--A ceremonial act
--A color printing process in which ink or paint is forced through
a mesh screen onto the paper or canvas.
in art and literature from 1924 to 1945 where artists attempted
to give visual representation to dreams, fantasies, and the unconscious
mind. Emphasized real objects in unreal situations, surprise, contradiction
meaning showcases, or shop windows.
--An artwork which is not yet completed.