Donald Judd was born in Missouri in 1928, and grew up mainly in
the Midwest. He served in the U.S. Army in Korea and in 1947 decided
he would become an artist. He studied philosophy and art history
at both the Art Students' League and Columbia University. Judd first
made his name as an art critic, writing for prestigious and influential
magazines such as Art News, Arts Magazine and Art International.
Abstract Expressionism was
the revolutionary art movement at the time and Judd, as an art critic,
called this stlye "sloshy and organic." He claimed the quality of
new art had been declining for 15 years.
In 1971 Judd moved to Marfa, Texas, where he realized his dream
of creating the ideal museum. He converted a large number of the
town buildings--aircraft hangars, a former bank, office and commercial
buildings, a supermarket, a factory, hotels, villas, ranches, and
even the old army base-- Fort D. A. Russell--into studios and exhibition
spaces. Judd became an ardent architect, interior architect, landscape
architect, and environmentalist.
that rejects representation; has few recognizable images; emphasis
on line, color, shape, texture, value; expression of internal feelings
or emotions of the artist.
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