ArtsConnectEd/ArtsNet Minnesota
What is Art?


Art and Artists
 Africa, Zaire
 England, Higham Manor,
 Suffolk
 Donald Judd
 New Mexico (Mimbres)
 Claes Oldenburg and
 Coosje van Bruggen
 Thailand,  (Blue Hmong)
 Robert Rauschenberg

Inner Worlds Environment   Identity Designing Spaces and Places
Donald Judd
About the Artist

Donald Judd was born in Missouri in 1928, and grew up mainly in the Midwest. He served in the U.S. Army in Korea and in 1947 decided he would become an artist. He studied philosophy and art history at both the Art Students' League and Columbia University. Judd first made his name as an art critic, writing for prestigious and influential magazines such as Art News, Arts Magazine and Art International. Abstract Expressionism was the revolutionary art movement at the time and Judd, as an art critic, called this stlye "sloshy and organic." He claimed the quality of new art had been declining for 15 years.

In 1971 Judd moved to Marfa, Texas, where he realized his dream of creating the ideal museum. He converted a large number of the town buildings--aircraft hangars, a former bank, office and commercial buildings, a supermarket, a factory, hotels, villas, ranches, and even the old army base-- Fort D. A. Russell--into studios and exhibition spaces. Judd became an ardent architect, interior architect, landscape architect, and environmentalist.

Vocabulary Terms

Abstract Expressionism--Art that rejects representation; has few recognizable images; emphasis on line, color, shape, texture, value; expression of internal feelings or emotions of the artist.

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Inner Worlds | What Is Art? | Environment | Designing Spaces and Places | Identity
About the Art | About the Artist | Discussion Questions/Activities | Teacher Lessons