Louis Lozowick was born in 1892 in Ludvinovka, a small village
in Russia. His life was very difficult. His mother died when he
was young, leaving six children for his father to raise while running
a general store. Young Lozowick also experienced the persecution
all Jewish families during the Czars' control of Russia. He attended
a heder, a Hebrew religious school, during his early years. Official
high schools were closed to Jews, but the Kiev Art School accepted
Lozowick in 1903, where he studied for two years. He was influenced
at this time by The Wanderers, a group of painters who specialized
in portrayals of the Russian peasants in a Realist
manner. In 1906, Lozowick went to New York. His first view of the
cityscape made a lifelong impression, influencing much of his work.
Lozowick studied at the National Academy of Design and Ohio State
University. Later he enlisted in the U.S. Army and made a trip across
the country, visiting cities such as Minneapolis, Chicago, and Cleveland.
The sketches he made on this trip became the subjects for later
paintings and lithographs.
Between 1920 and 1924, Lozowick lived in Europe, where he was
influenced by Cubism, Russian
Constructivism, and Dada. He was a very
successful artist in Berlin, Germany in the 1920s. He was painting
and making black-and-white lithograph prints in which his subject
matter seemed influenced by the popular machines of the day. He
explained, "In agricultural societies, ornament is based on vegetable
and plant forms, and in contemporary industrial society, ornament
should be based on machine parts and various technical aspects."
Lozowick eventually lost interest in the "machine aesthetic" and
turned to subject matter focusing on people and landscapes until
his death in 1973.
early 20th Century style of art characterized by overlapping picture
planes, multiple perspectives; analytic cubism
looks at all views at once; synthetic cubism is basically two-dimensional.
movement which emerged in Europe in 1916 as a reaction against the
inhumanity of World War I; interpreted irrational and nihilistic,
or hopeless, social forces by creating ridiculing images; and used
method of printing that uses stone (or a metal plate), a grease
pencil or brush, and water and ink to produce a number of prints
from one drawing or painting.
style of art that represent nature accurately as seen by the human
Russian art movement founded in 1913 in which abstract geometric
forms and industrial materials were used to reflect modern machinery
and technology; integrated creativity and industrial production.
Return to the TOP of the page ]