Edmund Marsden Hartley called himself a "Maine-iac." He was born in
Lewiston, Maine, in 1877, the only boy in a family of nine children.
Hartley began drawing subjects from nature at age 13, when he helped
document the indigenous butterflies, insects, and flowers of the area
for a local naturalist. As an adult, he studied at the Cleveland School
of Art, and the Chase School and the National Academy of Design, both
in New York. He spent winters in New York and summers in Maine. During
this time he studied a technique called the Segantini "stitch." Using
this technique, pure color is applied side-by-side in long, heavy
strokes on the canvas. The result looks like an embroidery stitch.
Sometimes the thick paint , or impasto, was
1/8-inch deep. Hartley painted several paintings using this technique
but did not receive much money or recognition. This was not a positive
time in his life. In 1909, Alfred Stieglitz, a famous photographer
and the husband of painter Georgia O' Keeffe, gave Hartley the space
to produce a one-man exhibition that launched his career.
Hartley died in Ellsworth, Maine, in 1943 at age of 66. By the
end of his career he had written four books and created more than
For more about Marsden Hartley see the Identity Theme.
painting technique in which the paint is applied very thickly on
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