Marsden Hartley began to travel the world in search of an environment
where he would be at peace. He tried living in New Mexico, Germany,
Paris, Bermuda, rural France, New Hampshire, Mexico, Nova Scotia and
the islands off the coast of Maine. His painting styles changed in
the different environments he visited. He experimented with Impressionism,
Cubism, Fauvism, and
expressionism. He finally returned to
Maine and Realism, a style of art in which
nature is represented as accurately as seen by the human eye.
Storm Clouds, Maine was painted in 1900-07 and is one of
the few works signed with Hartley's given name, Edmund. Marsden
was his stepmother's surname, which he used from 1909 onward. He
probably painted this autumn view of Speckled Mountain in Maine
from nearby Royce Mountain. He believed the mountains of Maine held
great power. Hartley found the place he had been searching for the
woods and seashore of Maine.
early 20th Century style of art characterized by overlapping picture
planes, multiple perspectives; analytic cubism
looks at all views at once; synthetic cubism is basically two-dimensional.
expressionism (with a lowercase "e") refers to any art
that emphasizes strong emotions or feelings. Shortly before World
War I, a group of artists in Germany set as their goal the depiction
of emotional and psychological concerns of themselves and their
times. Some of these German Expressionists (with an uppercase "E")
used strong color contrasts, angular simplified forms, and heavy
black outlines to express their anger and hostility; others explored
color and abstraction to express spiritual or mystical ideas.
Fauvism--An art style characterized
by the bold distortion of form and the use of strong, pure color.
movement in painting in which the emphasis on light and color, loose
brush strokes, ordinary subject matter; creates the "impression"
of a moment in time. Dabs and strokes of color are used to depict
the natural appearances of objects and reflected light.
style of art that represent nature accurately as seen by the human
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