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Art and Artists
 Berenice Abbott
 Giovanni Canal
 Frank Gehry
 Marsden Hartley
 Louis Lozowick
 Mexico (Nayarit)
 David Nash
 Georgia O'Keeffe
 Vincent van Gogh

Inner Worlds What is Art?   Identity Designing Spaces and Places
Marsden Hartley
Hartley, Storm CloudsClick for larger image
Marsden Hartley
Storm Clouds, Maine,1906-07
oil on canvas
30 1/8 x 24 15/16 in.

About the Art

Marsden Hartley began to travel the world in search of an environment where he would be at peace. He tried living in New Mexico, Germany, Paris, Bermuda, rural France, New Hampshire, Mexico, Nova Scotia and the islands off the coast of Maine. His painting styles changed in the different environments he visited. He experimented with Impressionism, Cubism, Fauvism, and expressionism. He finally returned to Maine and Realism, a style of art in which nature is represented as accurately as seen by the human eye.

Storm Clouds, Maine was painted in 1900-07 and is one of the few works signed with Hartley's given name, Edmund. Marsden was his stepmother's surname, which he used from 1909 onward. He probably painted this autumn view of Speckled Mountain in Maine from nearby Royce Mountain. He believed the mountains of Maine held great power. Hartley found the place he had been searching for the woods and seashore of Maine.

Vocabulary Terms

Cubism--An early 20th Century style of art characterized by overlapping picture planes, multiple perspectives; analytic cubism looks at all views at once; synthetic cubism is basically two-dimensional.

expressionism--Generally, expressionism (with a lowercase "e") refers to any art that emphasizes strong emotions or feelings. Shortly before World War I, a group of artists in Germany set as their goal the depiction of emotional and psychological concerns of themselves and their times. Some of these German Expressionists (with an uppercase "E") used strong color contrasts, angular simplified forms, and heavy black outlines to express their anger and hostility; others explored color and abstraction to express spiritual or mystical ideas.

Fauvism--An art style characterized by the bold distortion of form and the use of strong, pure color.

Impressionism--A movement in painting in which the emphasis on light and color, loose brush strokes, ordinary subject matter; creates the "impression" of a moment in time. Dabs and strokes of color are used to depict the natural appearances of objects and reflected light.

Realism--A style of art that represent nature accurately as seen by the human eye.

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